Saturday, July 21, 2018

The Joys of Hand Embroidery

I love to embroider. I think it might be because this is the first skill I every learned. After a lifetime of embroidery I have learned of few things along the way that make it much more enjoyable and successful too.

Not all needles are alike. Poor quality needles are a real problem. They break, pull when going
through the fabric, or even cut the threads they are carrying. John James needles are made of the highest quality iron alloys. Then each needle is nickel plated to reduce the possibility of rusting, and to provide a smoother surface when passing through the fabric. The result is a needle the user never notices, which is as it should be.

Needles are made by:
1.-A wire is drawn down from 5's gauge steel rod.
2.-Then straightened and cut to 2 needle lengths.
3.-Points are then formed on each end.
4.-The impression of 2 eyes is stamped into the wire. Holes are then punched through both impressions.
5.-The wire is broken into 2 separate needles.
6.-Waste metal from around the eye is removed-this is known as cheeking.
7.- The needles are then hardened.To prevent brittleness, they are subsequently tempered.
8.-The needles are scoured - this removes burrs from inside the eyes and polishes them.
9.-The needles are finally nickel plated, inspected, and packaged.  

Needles come in a large variety of types and sizes.

There is a bewildering array of needles from which to choose. Type and size classify hand-sewing needles, with each designed for a specific use. One size definitely does not fit all! Be sure to choose the type of needle according to the job it will perform and the size according to the thread it will hold. Keep in mind that for these hand sewing needles, the higher the number, the smaller the needle (the opposite of machine needles).

·       Betweens or Quilting needles: Very short, round-eyed needles used to make fine, short, sturdy stitches. Because these needles are thick, they can better withstand the stress of stitching through the multiple layers of a quilt. I suggest starting with an 8 or 9 and gradually progressing to an 11 or 12 as you become more proficient and your stitches become more even.

·       Sharps: All-purpose, medium length needles with small round eyes commonly used for applique and general sewing. These are an excellent choice for fine embroidery and hand sewing because they are easy to thread and slide through fabric with a minimum of effort.

·       Straw and Milliner needles: Long and slender with small rounded eyes. Many quilters like them for applique because their flexibility aids in maneuvering the fabric. Their thinness also makes them a good option for embroidering French knots.

·       Chenille needles: Short, thick needles with long, oval eyes and sharp points. The longer eye allows multiple strands of embroidery floss, pearl cotton, or silk ribbon to be easily threaded. The oversized needle makes a larger hole in the fabric and helps prevent you from unintentionally crushing silk ribbon or large thread by forcing it through a too-small hole.

·       Tapestry needles: Short and thick with a large eye and blunt point. The long oval eye carries silk ribbon and other bulky threads easily. These needles are often used for wrapped stitches (where the first line of stitching is laid down as usual and a second thread is wrapped around it, staying on the surface of the fabric) because the dull point doesn’t pierce the original thread.

·       Embroidery needles: Medium length with long, oval eyes. They have two advantages; the long eye ensures easy threading and the very sharp point pierces closely woven fabrics with less effort.

·       Beading needles: Extremely long and fine with a small round eye. Generally they are used for beading due to their flexibility. This very long, very flexible needle is hard to control when stitching through fabric so it’s usually used for stringing beads, not for applying them to fabric.

·       Easy Threading needles: Relatively large needles used when threading needles is a problem. Machine quilters who tie knots will find these needles handy when burying thread tails after the knot is tied.

Thread and hand sewing needleS AND THEIR uses
Type of needle
Common Sizes
Betweens or quilting needles
5 -12
Straight stitch

Quilting thread
Nymo thread
Embroidery floss
Any heavier machine thread used for quilting
10, 11,12
General sewing
Regular sewing thread
Any thread used for applique (silk, machine embroidery thread)
Threads used for couching (Metallic, rayon, invisible or any other thread used to hold a very heavy thread on the surface
Straw or Milliners
3 - 11
Any thread used for applique (silk, machine embroidery thread)
18 – 24
Silk ribbon work

Quilting thread
Embroidery floss
Any heavier thread (including silk ribbon) that needs a larger hole in order to prevent crushing the thread
13 – 26
Any stitching requiring a dull-pointed needle that won’t pierce other threads or yarn

Embellishing Applique
Red work
Embroidery floss
Any heavier machine thread
Any heavier hand sewing thread
Easy threading
Machine quilters use these for hiding thread tails in between the layers

No comments: